Having smelly feet can be an embarrassing and frustrating problem. But what actually causes foot odor? And what can you do to get rid of it?
What Causes Smelly Feet?
There are several factors that contribute to pungent foot odor:
Sweat – One of the main causes of foot odor is sweat. Sweat itself is odorless, but when your feet sweat, the warmth and moisture create the perfect environment for bacteria to thrive. The bacteria feed on the sweat and dead skin cells on your feet, producing pungent-smelling substances as a waste product.
Bacteria – There are over 250,000 sweat glands in our feet, producing a pint of sweat each day. This moist environment allows bacteria to rapidly multiply. The most common bacteria found on our feet are Micrococcus sedentarius and Corynebacterium xerosis. These bacteria consume dead skin cells and produce sulfur compounds that cause unpleasant foot odor.
Fungi – Fungal infections like athlete’s foot can also lead to increased foot odor. The fungi thrive in the warm, dark environment inside shoes. As they feed on dead skin cells, they release unpleasant-smelling waste products. A fungal infection can increase the number of bacteria on the feet as well.
Poor hygiene – Infrequent washing and cleaning can allow odor-causing bacteria and fungi to proliferate. Dead skin cell buildup also provides more food for the microbes. Going barefoot or wearing the same shoes daily increases exposure to bacteria. Tight-fitting or non-breathable shoes prevent ventilation, creating a better environment for bacteria to thrive.
Hyperhidrosis – Some people suffer from excessive sweating of the feet, known as plantar hyperhidrosis. This provides an overabundance of sweat for bacteria to feed on, causing severe foot odor problems.
So in summary, foot odor is not the sweat itself, but rather how resident microbes process the sweat, dead skin cells, and debris found on the feet. The byproducts of these microbial communities are what produces the noxious foot smells.
How to Get Rid of Smelly Feet
Fortunately, there are several effective methods and remedies to combat foot odor:
- Wash feet daily – Make sure to scrub between the toes using antibacterial soap. Rinse thoroughly and dry feet completely, especially between toes.
- Rotate shoes – Let shoes air out fully between wears to prevent bacteria buildup inside. Consider using moisture-wicking shoe inserts.
- Wear breathable socks – Choose cotton, wool or moisture-wicking socks. Avoid nylons and non-breathable fabrics that trap sweat.
- Use antifungal foot powder – These help control fungi and absorb sweat. Look for ones containing zeolite, arrowroot or baking soda.
- Soak feet – A warm foot soak with antibacterial ingredients like tea tree oil, eucalyptus or peppermint can help kill odor-causing bacteria.
- Use a pumice stone – Gently rub one over feet to remove dead skin cell buildup and calluses, depriving bacteria of food.
- Apply antiperspirant – An aluminum chloride-based antiperspirant can help reduce sweat and odor, especially for hyperhidrosis. Only apply at night.
- Consider prescription treatments – For excessive sweating, your doctor may prescribe stronger aluminum chloride antiperspirants, iontophoresis or Botox injections. Oral antifungal medications can treat fungal infections.
- Wear open-toed shoes – Choose sandals or open-toed shoes during warm weather to allow ventilation and prevent buildup of moisture and odor inside shoes.
- Disinfect shoes – Use UV shoe sanitizers or sprays containing alcohol, tea tree oil or eucalyptus to kill bacteria inside shoes. Remove insoles and wash regularly.
With consistent foot hygiene and care, most foot odor issues can be successfully managed. But if pungent foot smells persist despite your best efforts, it’s a good idea to see a podiatrist or dermatologist. They can assess for underlying causes like hyperhidrosis or fungal infections. With professional treatment, you can say goodbye to smelly feet for good.